The hottest waste paper recycling needs to be enfo

2022-08-11
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Waste paper recycling urgently needs to be enforced

every ton of waste paper used by the paper industry is equivalent to saving 3 cubic meters of wood, 1.2 tons of coal, 600 kilowatt hours of electricity and 100 cubic meters of water. In the face of such amazing figures, the United States, Germany and other countries have all adjusted the instrument to zero production capacity, and the provincial governments and the state owned assets supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council take the overall responsibility to legally force paper enterprises to use a certain amount of waste paper as raw materials. China is a big country in papermaking, a small country in papermaking, and a weak country in papermaking. It is said to be a big country in papermaking, because China's papermaking output is second only to the United States and Japan, ranking third in the world; It is said to be a small papermaking country, because China's per capita papermaking output is less than half of the world's per capita output; It is said to be a weak country in papermaking, because China is short of wood for papermaking, grass fiber as raw material accounts for a large proportion, and lacks competitiveness in the international market, while some high-grade products, such as wood pulp, high-grade paperboard, paper, coated paper, etc., still need to be imported in large quantities. The so-called waste paper refers to the waste of paper products (including a small amount of printed publications) after the long service life of human consumption. This waste has its own characteristics, that is, after people consume it, the essence of its main fiber has not changed, and it can still be used for papermaking. Therefore, recycling waste paper is recycling fiber, which can save resources, energy consumption and human consumption. Waste paper as a renewable resource has long been valued by developed countries. In some countries, legal enterprises must use a certain amount of waste paper. The waste paper utilization law of California stipulates that from January 1st, 1998 to January 1st, 2000, the use of waste paper in the United States must account for 50% of the national paper and paperboard products. At present, 13 states in the United States have enacted similar laws; Germany enacted the "Garapa" law in 1980, which clearly stipulates that the use of waste paper in the paper industry must reach 58% by December 31, 1999 and 60% after January 1, 2000. In China, the recycling rate of waste paper is only 24.5% and the utilization rate of waste paper is only 35% by 2000. It is predicted that by 2001, the world's waste paper recycling volume will reach 130 million tons, and the waste paper recycling rate will rise from 32.8% in 1988 to 41%. In order to effectively use waste paper, some countries have also formulated waste paper recycling standards for waste paper. China's waste paper recycling work is still in the extensive stage, and there is no standard for waste paper classification. Some waste purchase stations classify waste cartons and cartons into one category, waste newspapers into one category, books and magazines into one category, so that many high-end waste paper are not fully utilized and resources are wasted. In 1998, the total production of paper and paperboard in the world was 301 million tons, the total consumption of waste paper was 120 million tons, and the utilization rate of waste paper was 40%. In 1998, the output of paper and paperboard in China was 28million tons, and the consumption of waste paper was about 5.5 million tons (including 4.5 million tons purchased domestically and 1 million tons imported). The utilization rate of waste paper was only 19.3%, far lower than the world average level. According to the statistics of the United States Environment Agency (EPA), the United States has 150 million tons of municipal waste every year, of which waste paper accounts for 37.1%, that is, 55.6 million tons of waste paper every year; The Ministry of health and welfare of Japan announced that Japan's urban waste is about 50million tons per year, that is, 275.6 million tons of waste paper per year. There is little waste paper in urban garbage in China, and waste paper accounts for only 3.55% of garbage in Beijing. A large amount of waste paper is purchased and concentrated by waste purchase stations, and there are no accurate statistics for various reasons. According to the statistics of relevant departments of papermaking, China's papermaking enterprises use about 4.5 ~ 4.7 million tons of domestic waste paper every year; According to the data analysis of China Packaging Association and the National Light Industry Bureau, China has at least 8.8 million tons of waste paper every year. It shows that there are a lot of waste paper for other purposes. As a renewable resource, the utilization value of waste paper is very significant. Every ton of waste paper used in the paper industry is equivalent to saving 3 cubic meters of wood, 1.2 tons of coal, 600 kilowatt hours of electricity and 100 cubic meters of water. In 1998, the output of paper and paperboard in China was 28million tons. If the utilization rate of waste paper can reach 40%, 11.2 million tons of waste paper will be used. Among them, wood pulp waste paper is estimated at 50%, which is equivalent to saving 16.8 million cubic meters of wood, 6.7 billion kwh of electricity, 13.44 million tons of coal, and a large amount of water resources and environmental treatment costs. In view of the national conditions, China should strengthen the management of waste paper recycling as soon as possible, improve the proportion of waste paper utilization, establish corresponding competent departments for waste paper recycling, and formulate relevant regulations and waste paper recycling standards. This is of greater significance to China than any other country

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